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16028  - Winchester 94sights And Scopes
Will, Richfield Wi

Maker: Winchester, Model: 1894, Caliber: 30 WCF, Barrel Length: 19.25'', Finish: Blue, SN: 410052

PW with a circle around it on barrel and top of receiver, ( -A- 2) possibly? located in front of trigger, Front sight says marble.

I have an old 94 carbine with a saddle ring that I would like to find a rear sight for. Somewhere in the last hundred years someone drilled and tapped an additional 4 or 5 holes on the left side of the receiver, about 1/2 inch from the top, and I was wondering what may have been there and if you had anything from that time frame that I could use to fill them. I would be happy to send pics to answer any questions and appreciate any help you can offer.

Will- The Winchester Model 1894, one of John M. Browning`s many superb inventions, has been America`s favorite deer rifle for well over a century, and one of only a handful of products made today which is little changed from when introduced over a century ago. More than 6.5 million were made by the time Winchester folded, and they are still being made. Many have been altered to some degree over the years to suit owners` whims or fantasies, with addition of scopes being one of the more popular mutilations.

You have the ``carbine`` model with 20 inch barrel (which is correctly measured from the face of the closed breech to the muzzle by sticking a rod down the barrel, not just measuring the exposed part from the front of the receiver.). Based on the serial number it was made around 1907. The holes on the left side of the receiver are for a scope mount, but it might be one of several different makes or models. The most common seemed to be old Weaver side mounts, but there are others. You have a couple of options. The first is to try to find a mount that matches your holes, and a scope that fits the mount- many are made for the old Weaver 3/4`` tubes like the 29, 330, 440 and you may be able to get a set for a reasonable price- maybe $20 for the mount and $50 for the scope (although the 330 will be quite a bit more).

The other option is to just get some ``plug screws`` which are used to fill unused holes. They come in various sizes, including most of the sizes used for sight or scope mounting screws. A gunsmith probably has some on hand, and it may be easiest to take the gun in and have him figure out the size and screw them in (with a drop of Loctite), instead of you trying to guess the right size and order them. Figure maybe $5-10 if you get the screws and $20-50 for a gunsmith to do it, but you will save hours of frustration looking for 8-40 plug screws or whatever size, only to find out you needed 8-48 or something. You can get a sight from places like Brownells or Numrich or eBay or GunBroker. Just look carefully to see if there is a dovetail or only screw holes for the sight, and if it needs one of those little ``elevator`` wedge gizmos. Hope that helps. John Spangler

16080  - V.Bernardelli Baby
Ryan Augusta GA.

Maker: V.Bernardelli-Gardone, Model: V.T. .22 Long -Brev, Caliber: .22, Barrel Length: 2'', Finish: Blue, SN: 1833

None - No Proof Marks

I recently inherited a V. Bernardelli ``Baby .22`` The left hand side of the slide is labeled: V.Bernardelli-Gardone V.T.-AUT. 22 Long - Brev. Made in Italy On the rear of frame, and underneath the slide (with slide removed) is the serial number 1833. There are no proof marks anywhere on the gun, even looked under the grips. The only other mark on the gun is an ``L`` stamped on the left side of the Barrel (lug?) where it mates to the frame. I`m interested in determining when this gun was manufactured, and why it lacks all proof marks. I`ve seen pictures of several examples online, but none that are missing proof marks and none marked ``Long - Brev.`` (Brev being Italian for short) so also curious if this model fires both long and short, from what I can find online it seems they were made in either .22 long OR short, not both. The gun is also missing the ``disconnector`` a small J shaped piece of steel located under the slide that connects to the safety system and I would appreciate any leads on where to source one so I can get this old gun functional again.

Barry, the original Bernardelli is an old Italian company founded around 1721. Most recently three different firearms manufactures have used the Bernardelli name - Pietro Bernardelli, Vincenzo Bernardelli and Santini Bernardelli. Vincenzo Bernardelli manufactured firearms seem to have a fairly good reputation. During the late 1980s, many firearms manufactured by Pietro Bernardelli were dumped in the American marketplace. The Pietro Bernardelli manufactured firearms are said to have been of much lesser quality of than those manufactured by Vincenzo Bernardelli.

The Baby was the first of Bernardelli`s 22 pistols, it was introduced in 1949 and discontinued in 1968. The pistol was a small blowback design similar to the Walther Model 9. The barrel was forged in unit with the frame and the slide is retained by a double locking piece forming part of the frame. Releasing a small spring catch allows this unit to be forced out by the firing pin spring, and the slide can be removed.

My references indicate that pistols were chambered for either .22 Short or .22 Long but not both. You should have the pistol examined by a gunsmith to determine the chambering. If your pistol does not have proof marks there is a possibility that it was never proof tested, this would be another reason to have a gunsmith check it for safety.

For parts, try checking with Gun Parts Corp (the old Numrich Arms people) at the following URL:

Hope this helps, Marc

16012  - Henry Rifle In Australia

Maker: New Haven, Model: Henry 1860, Caliber: Unsure., Barrel Length: ?, Finish: Don`t Know, SN: 3226

Engraved with two horses. Looks like brass finish though it appears a little silver in parts.

We are wondering if it is possible to trace the origins of the rifle that we have inherited from my great grandfathers estate?

G`Day, mate- I will be the first to admit I know very little about Henry rifles, even though we have had the privilege of selling 2 or 3 over the years. The best source of information is the superb book ``THE HENRY RIFLE, Story of Benjamin Tyler Henry and His Famed Repeating Rifle`` by Les Quick.

Some were shipped with a silver plated finish, which may explain the silver appearance in parts. Some were factory engraved, and many more were engraved later by various artisans, both in the 1860s and some much more recently. This has led to the sarcastic comment by some collectors ``Say, that`s a rare Henry you have there. It is NOT engraved.`` Les Quick`s book may have more info on the factory engraved guns, and also on sales inside the U.S. and world wide. Hope that helps. John Spangler

16079  - Colt 38 Super Value
Buford, Albany, Texas

Maker: Colt, Model: Super 38, Caliber: Super 38, Barrel Length: Not Sure, Finish: Don`t Know, SN: 2032

Has hard plastic like grips. They are kind of off yellow. I have pictures.

Looking to determine a value of this handgun. I believe it to manufactured in 1929 but that is about all.

Buford, Colt manufactured .38 Supers from 1928 to 1970, your .38 Super was manufactured in 1929. The design is basically a Model 1911A1 pistol modified only as much as needed to function with the .38 Automatic Colt Pistol cartridge which had first been introduced in the Colt Model 1900. The `.38 Super` designation actually referred to the pistol, to distinguish this new offering from the older Colt models 1900, 1902 and 1903. Eventually, after WW2 there began to be differences in the ammunition, with older .38 ACP cartridges having slightly less velocity and significantly lower chamber pressures than the similar size cartridges loaded and sold as `.38 Super.` (There is a very good discussion of the history of the cartridge at

Follow this link for a great history of the .38 Super pistol development from Man At Arms magazine which we will summarize here. The .38 Super pistol was introduced by Colt in 1928 as a higher velocity smaller caliber alternative to the .45 ACP Model 1911 with greater penetrating power, and began shipping in 1929. A total of about 37,000 were made prior to WW2, and during the war the British bought up 1,120 .38 Supers on hand and later the OSS bought 400 for their use. In addition, there were Match and Super Match versions offered for target shooters where this was a very popular competitive pistol.

As for pricing, we are offering a pistol that is in about 99% condition, manufactured in 1935 for $5,500.00 at this link. So far we have not had any buyers. The value of your pistol will depend on condition, values in the blue book range from about $2000 to about $6000. Marc

16077  - C-96 Mauser Info

Maker: Mauser, Model: 96, Caliber: ?, Barrel Length: ?, Finish: Blue, SN: 135884

Hi I have a chance to get a waffenfabrik mauser oberndorf a neckar SN 135884 or 284 hard to read the 4th digit. 4 clips with ammo and the bracket attached for the stock. The finish seems a little better than fair. Just wondering the year and maybe anthing else unique. has normal ring on hammer, 50 to 1000yd sight and 184 stamped right behind the rear sight. Ive read a bunch but not sure on date or where that sn run was made. Thanks for any help.

Jared, the Model 1896 Mauser has always been one of my favorite pistols, its design is unique because it only has one screw (the grip screw) and no pins. The first time that I ever dissembled a 96 Mauser I remember thinking that it reminded me of a Chinese puzzle. If you try to dissemble this 96 I would strongly advise that you get a copy of Firearms Assembly / Disassembly Part 1: Automatic Pistols by J. B. Wood and become thoroughly acquainted with the instructions for the 96 Mauser. The book gives very clear instructions and has some good photographs, it also warns about pitfalls that might be encountered and gives specific reassembly tips.

The Model 1896 or (Broomhandle) Mauser was manufactured in Obendorf, Germany from 1897 to 1938. My records indicate that your Mauser was manufactured circa 1911 - 1915. Your serial number falls in the standard pre-war commercial serial number range (39,000-274,000). This variation is one of the most commonly encountered of all M1896 Broomhandle pistols. These pistols were chambered in 7.63 Mauser, they came with a 5.5 inch barrel, 10 shot magazine, 34 groove walnut or checkered black rubber grips and usually 50-1,000 meter adjustable rear sight.

Values for standard pre-war commercial model Mauser C-96 pistols range from about $350 to around $2000 depending on condition. You mention that your serial number is 135884 but that there is the number 184 stamped behind the rear sight. This worries me because if all of the serial numbers on the pistol`s parts do not match, value will be lowered by as much as 50%. Taking into consideration the condition of this pistol, I would estimate value to be in the $1000 to $1200 range. If all of the serial numbers do not match value will be in the $600 to $800 range. Hope that this helps. Marc

16011  - Russian Vostok .22 Caliber Rifles

Maker: ?, Model: ?, Caliber: 22 Cal., Barrel Length: ?, Finish: Blue, SN: ?

They were both 22 cal. I believe they were Russian made , and I think they were called Vostok , one was single shot the other semi automatic , they both had marble stocks with raised cheek pads , they looked like high power rifles they had straight sight by the breach along with rocky mountain , the end of the muzzle had what looked like a flash eliminator on it , do you know where I might find them for sale or could you give me any info you can

Ken- Sorry, we know nothing at all about these. John Spangler

16076  - Polish Nagant Revolver
Bama Dallas Tx USA

Maker: Polish Nagant 1935 FB Radom NG 30, Model: Double Action Revolver, Caliber: 7.62, Barrel Length: 4 1/2, Finish: Don`t Know, SN: 10599

I have an all matching numbers what is its worth

Bama, Wikipedia indicates that in 1930 the state-owned Fabryka Broni works in Radom developed a slightly modified variant, of the 1895-pattern 7.62mm Russian Nagant revolver designated ``Nagant WZ.30``. Comparing to the Russian or Belgian models, the new Polish model was slightly lighter, and the barrel was slightly shorter. In 1932 the design was further modified by the relocation of the sight (and giving a new ``Revolver WZ.32`` designation). Between 1929 and 1935 the Radom works produced 7,166 revolvers of both variants.

Both the original M1895 Nagant and its later clones remained the standard police weapon used by the Polish State Police and Postal Guards throughout the 1930s, though with time they were often replaced with more modern designs like the Beretta M1934 and Walther PPK. They were also widely used by mobilized policemen during the German and Soviet invasion of Poland of 1939.

Blue book values for the WZ.30 range from $500 to about $2500 depending on condition. Marc


Maker: Springfield, Model: 1903, Caliber: 30-06, Barrel Length: 24 Approx, Finish: Blue, SN: 195991

Using this form to see if the validation works- Your normal contact form FAILS validation

1903 Springfield Sr# 195991 is up for auction so I used your site to see when manufactured. Turns out 1906 and unsafe to shoot, but the search results don`t mention that. All they say is the heat treating process was changed at 800,000. It would be really nice to either add a comment, Sr# below 800,000 are considered unsafe to shoot, or display that warning when someone enters one in the unsafe range.

Mr. USA- We apologize for the problem with the regular contact form, but the host of our site did some changes to the version of .php they use, and these did not play well with our previously reliable and stable programs. They have been updated now.

There are literally entire books written on M1903 Springfields- Brophy, Canfield, Campbell, and Crossman to name a few. Plus, mentions of the heat treatment and safety issue in hundreds of chapters in other books and magazine articles. We even have a lengthy study of the subject on our other site, along with other useful information for collectors:

Our FREE date of manufacture information is provided as a helpful service for people curious about that, and not intended as an exhaustive study or examination of the many possible historic facts or technical details that make them interesting to collectors, or safe or unsafe to shoot, or how to tell if they have been arsenal overhauled or molested by Bubba. It gives you an approximate (and not always correct) date, but it is FREE.

I hope you asked the auction house selling the gun about the date of manufacture and safety for shooting and that they gave you good info. With all ``low number`` M1903 Springfield we sell, we always try to point out the questionable heat treatment and safety concerns. Not all dealers do this.

We sell some of the books mentioned and encourage you to get one or more and read them carefully. Then go start your own website and pass out detailed information at no cost. Let us know when it is ready and we will be glad to refer people to that. John Spangler

16062  - Savage 101
John, Wichita Falls, TX

Maker: Savage Arms, Model: 101-22, Caliber: .22 L.R., Barrel Length: 4inches, Finish: Blue, SN: 32571

What year was it manufactured?

John, Savage introduced their Model 101 in 1960, it was a single action, single shot, .22 handgun with 5.5 in. barrel and adjustable sights. Although it was styled to look like a Colt Single Action Army revolver, the cylinder and barrel formed a single unit which was swung out of the frame to allow a single cartridge to be loaded. The model was manufactured from 1960 to about 1968. Marc

16000  - Marin 1881 With Engraved Bear And Buffalo
Chris Smith Milton Fl USA

Maker: Marlin, Model: 1881, Caliber: 45 Govt, Barrel Length: 28, Finish: Blue, SN: 2416

Case hardened receiver with engraved buffalo on one side and a bear on the other

Do you guys know how many of these with this engraving were made and a value for it.

Chris- This sounds like a very nice gun. If it is a family piece, I encourage you to keep it for sentimental value. Marlins were well made and functional guns, but lacked the advertising skill to compete with the slightly better Winchester products. And, collectors are seduced by the lure of ``the gun that won the west`` Winchesters, and don`t know or care much about Marlins. I see Marlins priced at maybe 1/3 of what a comparable condition and age Winchester might bring. I seem to recall seeing some very nicely engraved, nice condition Marlins for about $1,000 or less, while similar Winchesters were $3000 and up.

However, there are some Marlin collectors who really appreciate these guns, especially high quality pieces in excellent condition and would pay to give it a good home if you don`t love it. Those are not our market niche, but one of the major auction houses will probably get the best price. John Spangler

16050  - 1938 Mauser Luger
Geoff, Columbia, TN

Maker: Mauser, Model: Luger, Caliber: 9mm, Barrel Length: 4 Inch, Finish: Blue, SN: 5290

There is a V under the serial number under the barrel in front of the trigger, an eagle eagle (with a number - possible 63)on the left side of the barrel, and on the right side of the slide there is another marking that I cannot identify.

I would like to know the value of my Luger. I am not an expert but love WWII relics. The pistol is in incredible shape. It looks like it`s not been fired a lot. It is marked with 1938 as the year, the bluing is shiny, no original mag. I do have pictures if you need to see it.

Geoff, it sounds like you have a nice Luger. If your Luger is dated 1938, it should be an S/42 code. S/42 was a WW-II German ordnance code assigned to Mauser-Werke AG, Oberndorff am Neckar, Germany. It is found on Mauser manufactured Lugers that are dated from 1936 to 1939.

Lugers with the S/42 code should also have the following markings:

  • The serial number: stamped on the forward left side of the receiver, upper front of the frame, beneath the rear of the barrel, and on the base of the magazine. The serial number range for these Lugers is 6500f to 9999z, 01-5200r
    • The last two digits of the serial number should be stamped on most of the small parts.
  • S/42 stamped on the forward toggle:
  • The four digit year of manufacture-1936 through 1939 on the Receiver-above the chamber: .
  • The word GELADEN, meaning loaded and visible when a cartridge is in the chamber stamped on the left side of the extractor.
  • The bore size stamped beneath the rear of the barrel. This will be either 8.80, 8.81, 8.82, 8.83, or 8.84 millimeters.
  • Eagle over 63 military acceptance stamp stamped twice on the forward right side of the receiver, once on the top left side of the barrel one half inch from the receiver, and once on the base of the magazine.
  • Eagle, or eagle over swastika in a circle military test proof stamped on the forward right side of the receiver, the left side of the breech block, and the rear right side of the barrel.

Values for these Lugers range from around $1700 to $2200. Hope this helps, Marc

15994  - Colt Navy Revolver From 4th Louisiana

Maker: Colt, Model: Navy, Caliber: .36, Barrel Length: ?, Finish: Blue, SN: ?

To Whom It May Concern, I am coming to you asking about an Ancestor`s pistol (Navy Colt, .36 caliber). This ancestor was part of the 4th Louisiana Battalion that was transferred up to the Virginia area sometime in 1861? *I am not sure if this is the exact year but I do know that he (Meek Madison or MM Fondren) enlisted into the Louisiana regiment and then ended up in Virginia shortly thereafter. The other details, I do not know? I would like to know though, so if you have an idea, that would be great. Nevertheless, he survived the war and came home with this Navy Colt pistol in his possession. I do not know where it was from either? I was told that infantrymen were issued rifles and not pistols, is this correct? Either way, who knows where, when or how that pistol ended up in his hand? I will not bore you with the soap operatic details of this family heirloom that was taken and sold very recently by a completely moronic cousin of mine but I did want to ask if you could tell me when those types of guns (Navy Colt, .36 caliber) would have been produced for the Civil War or more specifically, are there specific serial numbers to look for on these pistols that would indicate were they were issued/used? (Ex: Virginia? Texas? Louisiana?, etc.) Yes, I am looking to either track the pistol down that was stolen and sold in the Abilene or Dallas/Ft. Worth areas in Texas and try and buy it back OR I will replace it with one that might have been issued to some officer in his infantry or find one about the one (stunt gun) that would have been used in the ''Virginia'' photo that I have? I thank you so very much for your time and I hope to hear from you soon. Sincerely, William Harp

Bill- That`s a lot of questions in one question. I will try to hit most of them.

First, yout moronic cousin should be encouraged to clean fish while skinny dipping in alligator ponds, and lay off the medicinal marijuana a bit.

The Colt Navy (so called because .36 caliber was popular with the Navy, while the Army preferred .44 caliber revolvers. But both branches used both types, and Confederates were less picky about using whatever was available, including items recovered from battlefields after Yankees no longer needed them.

Infantry privates seldom carried handguns as they were armed with muskets and after about the first five miles of marching EVERYTHING which was not absolutely essential was usually discarded. However, at war`s end, likely a lot of infantrymen ditched muskets and carried a pistol home if they could find or steal one. Just because they arrived home with one, does not mean they carried it throughout the war, or even their last campaign. There was no real pattern of serial numbers being issued to certain regions or units, as guns were shipped in somewhat random number sequence to supply points, and then issued to units in smaller batches. Most of the Confederate used guns came from battlefield recoveries with no logic at all to serial numbers.

Colt made about 215,000 M1851 Navy revolvers between 1850 and 1873. Numbers were around 180,000 in 1865 a wartime gun would have a lower number than that, which narrows it down a bit if you are looking for a replacement.

Frankly, while you can find another old one, it will not be your ancestor`s gun, and a decent Colt Navy will probably run about $1,500 and up. You may want to consider getting a couple of replicas for each of the people in your family who appreciate history (obviously cousin dimwit does not qualify for one!) You can get a replica made by Colt for about $350-500, or one of the dozen or more other makers, nearly all made in Italy with many used ones available in the $100-200 retail range.

You mention a ``stunt`` pistol in a photo, and I think you meant a ``studio prop`` where a photographer would have an assortment of stuff for people to use when getting their portrait taken. Or, maybe a buddy in his unit loaned him a pistol and big knife for the occasion. These did not belong to the soldier, but made the guy look like a real warrior in a photo to be sent home to his girlfriend or parents.

There is a ``Civil War Soldiers & Sailors database`` with information from most service records that you can search for details on your ancestor-

Remember, spelling was not consistent, penmanship sometimes horrible and old documents are hard to read, so look carefully at ``close`` records which may actually be the one you are looking for.

Good luck. John Spangler

16052  - Glenfield Age

Maker: Glenfield, Model: 20, Caliber: .22 Caliber, Barrel Length: 20, Finish: Blue, SN: 71333883

How old is this rifle.

Sir- ``Glenfield`` is a brand name used by Marlin in its cheaper line of guns with cheaper wood and other shortcuts to keep the prices low. They were usually a variation of a standard Marlin model of the time, but with a unique Glenfield model number which does not relate to the Marlin model. The Glenfield name apparently was dropped in 1983. In this case, the Glenfield Model 20 is the cousin of the Marlin model 780. I think they were made circa 1966-1981. Sometimes Marlin included a date code as part of the serial number, but I do not know how to decipher them. John Spangler

16064  - Metal Cleaning

Maker: Mauser, Model: Dual Trigger, Caliber: 8 Mm, Barrel Length: ?, Finish: Blue, SN: ?

destroyed I a fire

can the metal be cleaned not for usage but for historical facts.

Earl, the metal can be cleaned. It sounds like the original finish has been destroyed so preservation is probably not a concern. There are many methods for cleaning metal, some are more aggressive than others. Methods that come to mind are hand scraping, brushing by hand with a wire brush, cleaning with a wire wheel and bead blasting. I found a very impressive method for cleaning metal on You Tube, it is called.``laser cleaning``, here is a link to a demonstration of this method in action: Hope that this helps. Marc

16045  - Colt Model 1849 Pocket Model Revolver
Christopher, Temecula, California

Maker: Colt Navy, Model: 1849, Caliber: .31, Barrel Length: 5, Finish: Other, SN: ONE 9 TWO FOUR 0 EIGHT

6-shot percussion hex navy 6-shot percussion, single-action. Brass trigger and handle. ``L`` is stamped into the trigger block above rear left side screw. In addition, very nice leather holster with Confederate acorn-type flap latch.

1) What does the ``L`` stamp represent? (left side trigger guard above screw.) 2) 6-shooter, .31 cal, 5-inch barrel, percussion: does this align with exactly ``1849 Colt Navy Pocket?`` If not, what? S/n aligns with manuf 1861 date CNP. Same pressed sight, and V on hammer. Thanks in advance.

Christopher- We need to deconflict some of your information. You call it a Colt Navy, but they were all .36 caliber, so that is not the model. You refer to a``1849 Colt Navy Pocket`` which I think is Flayderman`s 5B-108 now called more correctly ``Colt Pocket Model of Navy Caliber revolver.`` However, these are in .36 caliber and serial numbers run 1- about 47,000 and barrel lengths are different than yours, so we can rule that out.

I think you have a standard Model 1849 Pocket model revolver because it has a 5 inch barrel and is .31 caliber. They were made with both 5 and 6 shot cylinders. If I break the code correctly the serial number is 192408 which is well above most Colt percussion models, but fits nicely in the 1849 pocket model and would be for 1861 manufacture (per the Colt site). The 1849 pocket model had the longest production run of any of their percussion revolvers, lasting 23 years (1850-1873), with a total of about 340,000 made.

I am not familiar with the brass finials on holsters having any sort of unique ``Confederate`` features, but I don`t pay a lot of attention to the early holsters and there may be such a thing.

The ``L`` on the trigger guard is almost certainly just an inspector mark of some sort. Hope that helps. John Spangler

16065  - Intercontinental Arms 357 Magnum

Maker: Inter Continental Arms, Inc., Model: Dakota, Caliber: 357 Magnum, Barrel Length: ?, Finish: Blue, SN: 13286

I purchased this handgun in 1968. It was made by Inter Continental Arms, Inc. I cannot find any information about this company or exactly when the handgun was manufactured.

Rush, Intercontinental Arms was importer of handguns, rifles, and a line of black powder revolvers based out of Los Angeles, California the 1960s-1970s. From the information that I can find it looks like the majority of the firearms that they imported were manufactured in Italy. A quick internet search shows allot of Intercontinental firearms for sale in the $200 - $300 range. Marc